Test Bank Politics, Power and the Common Good, 5th edition Eric Mintz

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Test Bank Politics, Power and the Common Good, 5th edition Eric Mintz

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Test Bank Politics, Power and the Common Good, 5th edition Eric Mintz

Chapter 01: Understanding Politics

 

 

Chapter 01 Multiple Choice Questions

 

  1. After having increased greenhouse gases in 2011, Canada withdrew from the ___________.
  2. Kyoto Protocol
  3. Rio Treaty
  4. ABM Treaty
  5. Paris Agreement

 

Difficulty:         easy          Page-Reference                2

Question ID:   01-1-01

Answer :          a. Kyoto Protocol

 

  1. The authors of the text prefer one definition of 'politics' over others. Which one of the following definitions do the authors of the textbook prefer?
  2. the art and science of government
  3. relationships of mutual gain
  4. making collective decisions for a community
  5. individualistic pursuit of power

 

Difficulty:          easy          Page-Reference:              4

Question ID:    01-1-02

Answer :          c. making collective decisions for a community

              

  1. In the analysis of politics, 'power' is defined as the ability to________.
  2. achieve unity rather than diversity
  3. reduce the levels of violence
  4. affect the behaviour of others
  5. change governmental institutions

 

Difficulty:          easy          Page-Reference:              5

Question ID:    01-1-03

Answer :          c. affect the behaviour of others              

              

  1. The text discusses four ways in which power can be exercised. For example, power that uses fear or threats of harm is termed _____________.
  2. coercion
  3. persuasion
  4. bargaining
  5. authority

 

Difficulty:          easy          Page-Reference:              6

Question ID:    01-1-04

Answer :          a. coercion

 

  1. A form of power that is exercised by offering a reward or bribe is described as _________.
  2. persuasion
  3. inducement
  4. coercion
  5. bargaining

 

Difficulty:         easy          Page Reference:               6

Question ID: 01-1-05

Answer:            b. inducement

            

  1. As defined in the text, 'persuasion' means _________.
  2. getting people to act against their own desires or interests
  3. using fear or threat of harm to achieve objectives
  4. accepting the right of others to make decisions on their behalf
  5. using information either truthfully or manipulatively to change behaviour

 

Difficulty:          challenging            Page-Reference:             6

Question ID:    01-1-06

Answer :          d. using information either truthfully or manipulatively to change behaviour

              

  1. A country whose success in providing wealth and harmony to its population convinces other countries to follow its example is an example of power exercised through ________.
  2. cultural imperialism
  3. inducements
  4. leadership
  5. persuasion

 

Difficulty:          moderate               Page-Reference:              7

Question ID:    01-1-07

Answer :          c. leadership

 

  1. What is the Second face of Power as stated in Table 1.1 of the text?
  2. Ability to affect decisions
  3. Ability to ensure that issues are not raised
  4. Ability to affect the dominant ideas of society
  5. Ability to control the means of force

 

Difficulty:         challenging             Page Reference                8

Questions ID: 01-1-08

Answer:           b. Ability to ensure that issues are not raised

              

  1. According to the text, there is a 'third face' of power that is often ignored, involving the ability to ________.
  2. change government personnel
  3. use force to achieve political goals
  4. affect the dominant ideas of society
  5. gain votes by using inducements

 

Difficulty:          moderate               Page-Reference:              7-8

Question ID:    01-1-09

Answer :          c. affect the dominant ideas of society

            

  1. 'People power' refers to the ability of ordinary or disadvantaged people to challenge the powerful through determined and skilful action. The successful use of 'people power' occurred when the ________.
  2. people demonstrated against the communist governments of some Eastern European countries in 1989
  3. US senators from small states were able to challenge the majority opinion of the American people
  4. government of china suppressed student-led demands for democratization in 1989
  5. governments failed to agree to firm targets for greenhouse gas emissions in Copenhagen in 2009

 

Difficulty:          moderate               Page-Reference:              9

Question ID:    01-1-10

Answer :          a. people demonstrated against the communist governments of some Eastern European countries in 1989

              

  1. A situation resulting when at least one member of a political group benefits from a group action without having contributed or participated is known as ____________.
  2. emancipation
  3. social welfare
  4. free-rider problem
  5. the common good

 

Difficulty:          easy          Page-Reference:              10

Question ID:    01-1-11

Answer :          c. free-rider problem

              

  1. According to the text, 'authority' that is generally accepted by the members of a political community is described as ________.
  2. totalitarian
  3. rational
  4. authoritarian
  5. legitimate

 

Difficulty:          easy          Page-Reference:              10

Question ID:    01-1-12

Answer :          d. legitimate

 

  1. According to the German sociologist Max Weber, there are three main forms of authority. Which among the following is included as one of these forms?
  2. powerful
  3. traditional
  4. identifiable
  5. intellectual

 

Difficulty:          moderate               Page-Reference:              10-11

Question ID:    01-1-13

Answer :          b. traditional

 

  1. The 'tragedy of the commons' may be solved by ________.
  2. encouraging people to have larger families
  3. creating trust and discussion among the community
  4. encouraging free riders to use the commons
  5. building roads around the commons for public use

 

Difficulty:          moderate               Page-Reference:              11

Question ID:    01-1-14

Answer :          b. creating trust and discussion among the community

              

  1. Charismatic authority is based on ________.
  2. personal qualities of a leader
  3. legal rules and procedures
  4. tradition and custom
  5. processes of election

 

Difficulty:          moderate               Page-Reference:              11

Question ID:    01-1-15

Answer :          a. personal qualities of a leader

              

  1. According to the text, which of the following heads of state is most likely to be considered an example of charismatic leadership?
  2. George Bush
  3. John Major
  4. Justin Trudeau
  5. Paul Martin

 

Difficulty:         easy                         Page-Reference:               11

Question ID:   01-1-16

Answer:            c. Justin Trudeau

 

  1. Which statement describes charismatic authority?
  2. "Political leaders must follow the same rules as everybody else."
  3. "Political leaders are born, not made"
  4. "Power flows from the barrel of a gun "
  5. "Power is corrupt "

 

Difficulty:          moderate               Page-Reference:              11

Question ID:    01-1-17

Answer :          b. "Political leaders are born, not made"

              

  1. According to Max Weber, modern societies are characterized by efficient management and bureaucratic organization and the right to rule is based on rules and procedures rather than the individuals holding authority. This is known as _________.
  2. the iron cage
  3. traditional authority
  4. legal-rational authority
  5. totalitarian authority

 

Difficulty:          moderate               Page-Reference:              12

Question ID:    01-1-18

Answer :          c. legal-rational authority

              

  1. An individualist perspective on society argues that humans _______________.
  2. are naturally harmonious in their interaction with others
  3. act primarily in their own interests when making decisions
  4. pursue the common good even if it conflicts with their own interests
  5. follow strong authoritarian individuals

 

Difficulty:          moderate               Page-Reference:              14

Question ID:    01-1-19

Answer :          b. act primarily in their own interests when making decisions

 

  1. Which scholar suggest that if individuals pursue their own economic self interest in a competitive free-market system, the result will be maximization of the wealth of society?
  2. Adam Smith
  3. David Riccardo
  4. Max Weber
  5. Nelson Mandela

 

Difficulty:         Challenging            Page-Reference:               14

Question ID:   01-01-20

Answer:            a. Adam Smith

              

  1. Which of the following is not discussed in the text as a factor that complicates the pursuit of the common good?
  2. unequal distribution of costs
  3. diversity
  4. individualist perspective
  5. bureaucracy

 

Difficulty:          moderate               Page-Reference:              14-15

Question ID:    01-1-21

Answer :          d. bureaucracy

             

  1. The pluralist perspective asserts that ________.
  2. power is highly concentrated in a few hands
  3. governments are highly split between different levels
  4. groups tend to share similar values and goals in a political community
  5. a wide variety of groups are able to influence the government

 

Difficulty:          moderate               Page-Reference:              16

Question ID:    01-1-22

Answer :          d. a wide variety of groups have the ability to influence the government

 

  1. In The Republic, the ancient Greek philosopher Plato argued that the common good might be achieved by placing governing power in the hands of a ________.
  2. wealthy educated upper class
  3. few elected representatives
  4. philosopher-king
  5. group of aristocratic families

 

Difficulty:          easy          Page-Reference:              16

Question ID:    01-1-23

Answer :          c. philosopher-king

               

  1. Political analysis that uses careful observation and comparison to develop testable theories is the definition of  ___________.
  2. empirical analysis
  3. system process theory
  4. policy analysis
  5. normative analysis

 

Difficulty:          easy          Page-Reference:              17

Question ID:    01-1-24

Answer :          a. empirical analysis       

 

  1. 'Behaviouralism' seeks to understand peoples' political behavior by using quantitative methods like surveys. The goal is to develop a scientific approach that is ________.
  2. adaptable
  3. normative
  4. value-free
  5. predictable

 

Difficulty:          challenging            Page-Reference:              18

Question ID:    01-1-25

Answer :          c. value-free

 

 

Chapter 01 True/False Questions

 

  1. Efforts by environmental groups to influence Home Depot using product boycotts do not constitute political activities.
  2. True
  3. False

 

Difficulty:          moderate               Page-Reference:              5

Question ID:    01-2-01

Answer :          b. False

              

  1. Power necessarily means that one individual or group is able to control and manipulate another.
  2. True
  3. False

 

Difficulty:          challenging            Page-Reference:              6-7

Question ID:    01-2-02

Answer :          b. False

              

  1. Power cannot be exercised by the 'non-decisions' of influential figures.
  2. True
  3. False

 

Difficulty:          moderate               Page-Reference:              7

Question ID:    01-2-03

Answer :          a. False

              

  1. Power can be thought of in a positive way as the ability to achieve worthwhile collective goals.
  2. True
  3. False

 

Difficulty:          easy          Page-Reference:              10

Question ID:    01-2-04

Answer :          a. True

              

  1. Legal-rational forms of authority are based on the personal qualities of a leader.
  2. True
  3. False

 

Difficulty:          moderate               Page-Reference:              12

Question ID:    01-2-05

Answer :          b. False

              

  1. A legitimacy crisis may occur in democracies when governments persistently fail to deal with serious problems.
  2. True
  3. False

 

Difficulty:          moderate               Page-Reference:              13

Question ID:    01-2-06

Answer :          a. True

              

  1. The pluralist perspective on politics assumes that all actors have an equal amount of political power.
  2. True
  3. False

 

Difficulty:          challenging            Page-Reference:              16

Question ID:    01-2-07

Answer :          b. False

 

  1. Democracy tends to reflect the minority opinions of the population.
  2. True
  3. False

 

Difficulty:         simple                      Page-Reference                16

Question ID:   01-2-08

Answer:            b. False

 

  1. Empirical analysis involves explaining various aspects of politics, by using observation and comparison to develop generalizations.
  2. True
  3. False

 

Difficulty:         moderate                Page-Reference                17

Question ID:   01-2-09

Answer:            a. True

 

  1. The combination of empirical and normative analysis is evident in policy analysis.
  2. True
  3. False

 

Difficulty:         simple                      Page-Reference                18

Question ID:   01-2-10

Answer:            a. True

              

 

Chapter 01 Short Answer Questions

              

  1.  What is meant by the political agenda?

 

Difficulty:          moderate               Page-Reference:              7

Question ID:    01-3-01

Answer :          The political agenda consists of the issues that are considered important and given priority in political deliberations.

 

 

  1. Describe the three basic types of authority described by Max Weber.

 

Difficulty:          easy          Page-Reference:              10-12

Question ID:    01-3-02

Answer :          Weber examined three basic types of authority:

  1. Charismatic authority is based on the personal qualities of a leader;
  2. Traditional authority is based on customs;
  3. Legal-rational authority is based on legal rules and procedures

             

  1.  What is the free rider problem?

 

Difficulty:          easy          Page-Reference:              10

Question ID:    01-3-03

Answer :          The free rider problem results from voluntary collective action when an individual can enjoy the benefits of group action without contributing.

              

  1.  What is one important benefit enjoyed by governments that are widely perceived as legitimate by their citizens?

Difficulty:          moderate               Page-Reference:              13

Question ID:    01-3-04

Answer :          Governments that enjoy legitimacy spend fewer resources to persuade or coerce the population to obey its laws and maintain order. A government whose rule is considered legitimate can rely more on authority than on coercion to get people to obey the laws it adopts.

 

  1.  Briefly explain how globalism and considerations of the future pose important questions about the idea of the common good.

 

Difficulty:          challenging            Page-Reference:              17

Question ID:    01-3-05

Answer :          We all belong to larger and smaller political communities. What may be done in the interest of the larger global community may not match our national or local political interests. The future also needs to be considered as short term interests may pose problems for future generations.

              

 

Chapter 01 Short Essay Questions

              

 

  1.  Define what is described as “people power” in this chapter and provide two historical examples where this has occurred.

 

Difficulty:          moderate               Page-Reference:              8-9

Question ID:    01-4-01

Answer :          People power is the mobilization of ordinary citizens around a popular cause. Frequently lacking resources and outside of traditional seats of power, groups and individuals can affect change in the political community. Examples: Black South Africans against apartheid; Eastern European protests against communist regimes in 1989; protests against dictatorial governments in Tunisia and Egypt; the use of the courts and protest by Canadian Aboriginals to address systemic injustice; Chinese student protests for democracy. 

 

  1.  Discuss Hardin’s explanation of the tragedy of the commons and three solutions to the problem discussed in the chapter.

 

Difficulty:          challenging            Page-Reference:              11

Question ID:    01-4-02

Answer :          In Garrett Hardin’s famous example demonstrating the tragedy of the commons, he imagines a group of herders who overuse a common pasture when access is equally available to all members of the community. Suggested solutions to the tragedy of the commons include the privatization of the commons and charging a fee to use it, a coercive government regulating the users of the commons, or by using collective management based on common identity.

               

  1.  How can the common good be achieved, from an individualistic perspective on politics?

 

Difficulty:          moderate               Page-Reference:              14

Question ID:    01-4-03

Answer :          An individualistic perspective on politics argues that when individuals are free to pursue their own interests (in other words, when they act selfishly) then the best interests of the community will result.

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