Test Bank Natural Disasters 4th Canadian Edition By ABBOTT

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Test Bank Natural Disasters 4th Canadian Edition By ABBOTT

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Chapter 01

A Global and Canadian Outlook on Natural Disasters


Multiple Choice Questions
 

  1. Which of the following is the best definition for a natural disaster? 
    A.An extreme event triggered by human activities, which poses a potential threat to human life or property.
    B. An extreme natural event that occurs in a remote unpopulated area.
    C. An event that kills a significant number of people or results in large economic losses, triggered by a natural event.
    D. An event that could be triggered by natural processes, which poses a potential threat to human life or property.
    E. An extreme event triggered by human activities that occurs in a remote unpopulated area.

 


Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-01 Distinguish between natural disasters and natural hazards.
Topic: 01-01 Natural Disasters and Natural Hazards
 

  1. Sites with natural hazards need to be studied and their risk evaluated to prevent a natural disaster. The frequency of an event is __________. 
    A.the number of occurrences of an event within in a given time period
    B. the average number of years between events
    C. commonly used to forecast exactly when a natural event will occur
    D. the cyclic occurrence of events within a given space
    E. the range over which the upper and lower magnitudes for a given event are predicted

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-02 Explain the relationship between frequency and magnitude of natural disasters.
Topic: 01-01 Natural Disasters and Natural Hazards
Topic: 01-02 Frequency, Return Period, and Magnitude
 

 

  1. The return period of a disaster is the average number of years __________________. 
    A.before survivors return to their homes
    B. before the economy returns to pre-disaster levels
    C. it takes for emotional recovery of victims
    D. between same-sized events
    E. between events of the same type, regardless of size

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-02 Explain the relationship between frequency and magnitude of natural disasters.
Topic: 01-02 Frequency, Return Period, and Magnitude
 

  1. Most of the 40 deadliest disasters between 1970 and 2013 occurred in a belt running through Japan, China, Bangladesh, India, Iran and Turkey. This area was particularly vulnerable because ____________________. 
    A.it has a high population density
    B. most of the world's earthquakes occur here
    C. precipitation rates are very high in this region, producing frequent, large, and sudden floods
    D. most of the world's and volcanic eruptions occur here
    E. most of the world's landslides occur here

 


Difficulty: Hard
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe natural disaster trends in Canada and the world.
Topic: 01-03 Worldwide Trends
Topic: 01-12 Population Growth
Topic: 01-15 Poverty and Affluence
 

  1. During the last half of the 20th century, earthquakes, tsunami, and ______________ account for the majority of deaths from natural disasters. 
    A.volcanic eruptions
    B. floods
    C. landslides
    D. hurricanes/cyclones
    E. tornadoes

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe natural disaster trends in Canada and the world.
Topic: 01-03 Worldwide Trends
Topic: 01-04 The Number of Great Natural Disasters is Increasing With Time
 

 

  1. Which of the following communities are at the highest risk? 
    A.High magnitude event; low vulnerability
    B. Low magnitude event; low vulnerability
    C. Moderate magnitude event; low vulnerability
    D. Low magnitude event; high vulnerability
    E. Moderate magnitude event; high vulnerability

 


Difficulty: Hard
Learning Objective: 01-02 Explain the relationship between frequency and magnitude of natural disasters.
Learning Objective: 01-04 Define risk and mitigation.
Topic: 01-02 Frequency, Return Period, and Magnitude
Topic: 01-11 Vulnerability and Risk
 

  1. Based on data for 2013, the continent of _______________ experienced the greatest loss of life from natural disasters. 
    A.North America
    B. South America
    C. Europe
    D. Africa
    E. Asia

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe natural disaster trends in Canada and the world.
Topic: 01-03 Worldwide Trends
Topic: 01-12 Population Growth
Topic: 01-15 Poverty and Affluence
 

  1. The greatest insurance dollar losses as a result of natural disasters for the period 1970-2013 occurred in ______________. 
    A.Mexico
    B. China
    C. The United States
    D. Tibet
    E. India

 


Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe natural disaster trends in Canada and the world.
Topic: 01-03 Worldwide Trends
Topic: 01-06 Economic Losses From National Disasters are Increasing with Time
Topic: 01-15 Poverty and Affluence
 

 

  1. Based on insurance industry records of economic loss from natural disasters, 28 of the 40 most expensive disasters between 1970 and 2013 were __________________. 
    A.earthquakes
    B. volcanic eruptions
    C. storms
    D. landslides
    E. fires

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe natural disaster trends in Canada and the world.
Topic: 01-03 Worldwide Trends
Topic: 01-06 Economic Losses From National Disasters are Increasing with Time
 

  1. The effects of a natural disaster are in part determined by the extent of a community's vulnerability to the hazard. Which of the following increases vulnerability? 
    A.Economic wealth and investment in infrastructure to mitigate the effects of a hazardous event
    B. Insurance programs
    C. Education programs and warning systems
    D. Apathy as people tend to forget the tragedies of the past
    E. The magnitude of the natural event

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-04 Define risk and mitigation.
Topic: 01-11 Vulnerability and Risk
Topic: 01-14 Overreliance on Technology
Topic: 01-15 Poverty and Affluence
Topic: 01-16 Social Behaviour
 

  1. The rapid increase in human population during the past several centuries is an example of ________________ growth. 
    A.linear
    B. algebraic
    C. parabolic
    D. integrated
    E. exponential

 


Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe natural disaster trends in Canada and the world.
Topic: 01-03 Worldwide Trends
Topic: 01-12 Population Growth
 

 

  1. As of 2011 the human population of the world was ______________. 
    A.500 million
    B. 7 billion
    C. 60 billion
    D. 100 billion
    E. 1 trillion

 


Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-04 Define risk and mitigation.
Topic: 01-03 Worldwide Trends
Topic: 01-12 Population Growth
 

  1. The world population of humans is growing at a rate of ______% per year. 
    A.0.02
    B. 0.12
    C. 1.2
    D. 12
    E. 22

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-04 Define risk and mitigation.
Topic: 01-03 Worldwide Trends
Topic: 01-12 Population Growth
 

  1. At present, the world population of humans grows by over ______ million per year. 
    A.0.08
    B. 0.8
    C. 8
    D. 80
    E. 800

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-04 Define risk and mitigation.
Topic: 01-03 Worldwide Trends
Topic: 01-12 Population Growth
 

 

  1. The overall increase in Canadian natural disasters from 1900 to 2013 is due mainly to ___________. 
    A.geologic disasters
    B. weather-related disasters
    C. meteor impacts
    D. man-made disasters
    E. wild fires

 


Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe natural disaster trends in Canada and the world.
Topic: 01-07 The Canadian Perspective
Topic: 01-08 The Number of National Disasters in Canada is Increasing
 



  1. Which of the following statements best explains the trends shown in Figure 1.8? 
    A.The increase in weather related disasters is due solely to global warming.
    B. The frequency and magnitude of geologic disasters has been increasing.
    C. The trends in this graph are unlike the global trends in natural disasters.
    D. Population growth and the impact of television and Internet reporting are likely responsible for some of the increase in weather related disasters.
    E. The increase in weather-related disasters shows that Canadian Society has adapted more than adequately to extreme weather events.

 


Difficulty: Hard
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe natural disaster trends in Canada and the world.
Topic: 01-07 The Canadian Perspective
Topic: 01-08 The Number of National Disasters in Canada is Increasing
 

 

  1. Which of the following is not one of Public Safety Canada's four pillars of emergency management? 
    A.Response
    B. Recovery
    C. Mitigation
    D. Evacuation
    E. Preparedness

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-04 Define risk and mitigation.
Topic: 01-11 Vulnerability and Risk
 

  1. The amount of water recommended for a home emergency kit is ____________. 
    A.1 litre per person per day
    B. 2 litres per person per day
    C. 4 litres per person per day
    D. 8 litres per person per day

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-04 Define risk and mitigation.
Topic: 01-17 How Do Canadians Prepare for Natural Disasters?
 

  1. Canada's costliest natural disasters (insured cost only) do not make the international list because: 
    A.no data from Canada is available
    B. most of the natural hazards in Canada are located in remote (uninhabited) areas
    C. Canada has not experienced a great natural disaster
    D. none of these
    E. all of these

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe natural disaster trends in Canada and the world.
Topic: 01-03 Worldwide Trends
Topic: 01-07 The Canadian Perspective
Topic: 01-10 In Canada, Economic Losses are Mostly Due to Weather-Related Disasters
 

 

  1. Van der Vink's study compared deaths by natural disaster to the levels of _______ and _______. 
    A.world population; food production
    B. industry production; food production
    C. water usage; medical care
    D. democracy; country preparedness
    E. democracy; economic development

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe natural disaster trends in Canada and the world.
Learning Objective: 01-04 Define risk and mitigation.
Topic: 01-03 Worldwide Trends
Topic: 01-13 Role of Government
Topic: 01-15 Poverty and Affluence
 

  1. According to Princeton researchers more than 80% of deaths by natural disaster in the period 1964-2004 took place in 15 nations. Of these, 13 of countries are below the median GDP. Two countries are exceptions. What are those two countries and why? 
    A.Canada and USA; bad industrial performance between 1964-2004
    B. Germany and France; slower industrial trend
    C. Iran and Venezuela; oil rich counties
    D. Ethiopia and Congo; greater agricultural and industrial production
    E. None of these

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe natural disaster trends in Canada and the world.
Learning Objective: 01-04 Define risk and mitigation.
Topic: 01-03 Worldwide Trends
Topic: 01-13 Role of Government
Topic: 01-15 Poverty and Affluence
 

 


True / False Questions
 

  1. Natural disasters occur where the Earth unleashes its concentrated energy in a short time. 
    TRUE

 


Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-01 Distinguish between natural disasters and natural hazards.
Topic: 01-01 Natural Disasters and Natural Hazards
 

 

  1. The magnitude of a hazardous event is related to the amount of energy fuelling the natural event. 
    TRUE

 


Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-02 Explain the relationship between frequency and magnitude of natural disasters.
Topic: 01-02 Frequency, Return Period, and Magnitude
 

  1. In general, there is an inverse correlation between the frequency and the magnitude of a disaster process. 
    TRUE

 


Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-02 Explain the relationship between frequency and magnitude of natural disasters.
Topic: 01-02 Frequency, Return Period, and Magnitude
 

  1. If a particular disaster has a high frequency of occurrence, then it also has a large return period (recurrence interval). 
    FALSE

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-02 Explain the relationship between frequency and magnitude of natural disasters.
Topic: 01-02 Frequency, Return Period, and Magnitude
 

  1. In general, the larger and more energetic the disaster event, the shorter the return period between such events. 
    FALSE

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-02 Explain the relationship between frequency and magnitude of natural disasters.
Topic: 01-02 Frequency, Return Period, and Magnitude
 

 

  1. The number of natural-disaster fatalities worldwide between 1980 and 2013 varies however, there is a general decreasing trend. 
    FALSE

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe natural disaster trends in Canada and the world.
Topic: 01-03 Worldwide Trends
 

  1. Of the 40 worst disasters between 1970 and 2013, the most frequent mega-killers were earthquakes. 
    TRUE

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe natural disaster trends in Canada and the world.
Topic: 01-03 Worldwide Trends
 

  1. In the period between 1970 and 2013, at least 27 of the 40 worst disasters occurred in a belt running from Japan, China, Bangladesh through India and Iran to Turkey. 
    TRUE

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe natural disaster trends in Canada and the world.
Topic: 01-03 Worldwide Trends
 

  1. Today, the world growth rate for human population is rapidly declining. 
    FALSE

 


Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe natural disaster trends in Canada and the world.
Learning Objective: 01-04 Define risk and mitigation.
Topic: 01-12 Population Growth
 

 

  1. By the year 2011 B.C.E., the world's total population was over 8 billion. 
    FALSE

 


Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe natural disaster trends in Canada and the world.
Learning Objective: 01-04 Define risk and mitigation.
Topic: 01-12 Population Growth
 

  1. At present, the world population is growing at about 1.2 percent per year for a doubling time of 58 years. 
    TRUE

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe natural disaster trends in Canada and the world.
Learning Objective: 01-04 Define risk and mitigation.
Topic: 01-12 Population Growth
 

  1. The majority of Canadian disasters from 1900 to 2013 are not due to natural causes. 
    TRUE

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe natural disaster trends in Canada and the world.
Topic: 01-07 The Canadian Perspective
 

  1. The list of most costly Canadian disasters is dominated by earthquakes, volcanoes, and tsunami. 
    FALSE

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe natural disaster trends in Canada and the world.
Topic: 01-07 The Canadian Perspective
Topic: 01-10 In Canada, Economic Losses are Mostly Due to Weather-Related Disasters
 

 

  1. The fact that Canada has not experienced a great geological disaster is in part due to the relatively short history of the country. 
    TRUE

 


Difficulty: Hard
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe natural disaster trends in Canada and the world.
Topic: 01-07 The Canadian Perspective
Topic: 01-09 The Number of National-Disasters Fatalities in Canada is Decreasing
 

  1. According to the population distribution map of Canada by census division (CD) (2011), the population in rural areas is constantly rising from 1980. 
    FALSE

 


Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe natural disaster trends in Canada and the world.
Topic: 01-07 The Canadian Perspective
 

  1. The stronger the democracy index, the higher the death totals from natural disasters. 
    FALSE

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe natural disaster trends in Canada and the world.
Learning Objective: 01-04 Define risk and mitigation.
Topic: 01-03 Worldwide Trends
Topic: 01-13 Role of Government
 

  1. The overreliance of our modern lifestyle on technology could have created new vulnerabilities. 
    TRUE

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-04 Define risk and mitigation.
Topic: 01-14 Overreliance on Technology
 

 

  1. Natural hazards generally involve significant causalities and large economic losses. 
    FALSE

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-01 Distinguish between natural disasters and natural hazards.
Topic: 01-01 Natural Disasters and Natural Hazards
 

  1. Natural hazards, such as large snow avalanches and mass movements that occur every year in the uninhabited areas in the Rockies, are considered by Canadians to be natural disasters, since they are large magnitude events. 
    FALSE

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-01 Distinguish between natural disasters and natural hazards.
Topic: 01-01 Natural Disasters and Natural Hazards
Topic: 01-02 Frequency, Return Period, and Magnitude
 

  1. The terms preparedness, mitigation and adaptation describe actions performed when disaster strikes. 
    FALSE

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-04 Define risk and mitigation.
Topic: 01-11 Vulnerability and Risk
 

  1. In Canada, like in most industrialized nations, flood coverage is included in a typical homeowner insurance policy. 
    FALSE

 


Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-04 Define risk and mitigation.
Topic: 01-11 Vulnerability and Risk
 

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