Test Bank Applied Behavior Analysis, 3rd Edition John O. Cooper

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Test Bank Applied Behavior Analysis, 3rd Edition John O. Cooper

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Test Bank Applied Behavior Analysis, 3rd Edition John O. Cooper

Chapter 1 Test Questions

 

Multiple Choice

  1. The levels of understanding science include
  2. prediction, depiction & control.
  3. prediction, description & calculation.
  4. prediction, description, & control.
  5. picture, description, & control.
  6. When a behavior analyst notices that a child in a pre-kindergarten classroom has a tantrum whenever a peer cries, the analyst may have gained understanding at the level of
  7. prediction.
  8. description.
  9. control.
  10. replication.
  11. There would be no logical or practical point in trying to develop a technology of behavior change in the absence of which assumption?
  12. philosophic doubt
  13. prediction
  14. determinism
  15. experimentation
  16. Watson’s so-called S-R psychology was simple but incomplete. Skinner’s filling the gaps while continuing to seek causal relationships in the environment is an example of
  17. replication
  18. parsimony
  19. prediction
  20. (all of the above)
  21. When a behavior analyst uses experimental manipulation to show that an intervention is effective for middle schoolers with developmental disabilities, the analyst can’t claim that it also works for high school students with learning disabilities unless they also demonstrate
  22. replication.
  23. experimentation.
  24. reproduction.
  25. control.
  26. A behavior analyst who studies schedules of reinforcement in video games with college students in his lab is probably a(n)
  27. methodological behaviorist.
  28. experimental analyst.
  29. behavioral practitioner.
  30. applied behavior analyst.

 

 

  1. A BCBA employed by a school district to conduct functional assessment and develop behavior intervention plans is working as a(n)
  2. radical behaviorist.
  3. experimental analyst.
  4. applied behavior analyst.
  5. practitioner guided by behavior analysis.
  6. According to Cooper, Heron, & Heward (2020), the experimental branch of behavior analysis formally began with
  7. Watsonian psychology or S-R psychology
  8. Pavlov’s study of reflexive behavior
  9. Fuller’s study on the application of operant behavior to humans
  10. Skinner’s publication The Behavior of Organisms
  11. A child often hits their sister when their mother leaves the room. A clinician claims that the reason for this is that they have separation anxiety and believe that hitting will cause their mother to return. This interpretation reflects
  12. mentalism.
  13. pragmatism.
  14. radical behaviorism.
  15. methodological behaviorism.
  16. If a behavioral practitioner is gathering baseline data by asking patients in a psychiatric hospital to count the number of positive self-statements they make each day before noon, that practitioner’s request would be consistent with
  17. mentalism.
  18. radical behaviorism.
  19. methodological behaviorism.
  20. pragmatism.
  21. If a behavior analyst wants to develop a behavior intervention plan based on the strongest possible, empirically-derived information about the target behavior, they are most likely to do so only after demonstrating
  22. experimental control over the behavior.
  23. a functional relation between an independent variable and the behavior.
  24. a reliable change in the behavior given repeated manipulation of a particular aspect of the environment.
  25. (all of the above)
  26. A behavioral practitioner puts an intervention in place with the intention of reducing a 2nd grader’s disruptive vocal stereotypy. After 2 weeks the child is emitting vocal stereotypy in 87% of intervals rather than 92%. The practitioner reasonably decided that the treatment was not
  27. applied.
  28. technological.
  29. conceptually systematic.
  30. effective.
  31. If a paper that describes the effect of feedback on energy use neglects to mention that points were awarded in some cases for energy use below a certain threshold, the paper could be criticized for failing to be
  32. analytic.
  33. behavioral.
  34. technological.
  35. behavioral.
  36. Cooper, Heron, and Heward (2020) offer additional characteristics of applied behavior analysis, including (check all that apply)
  37. __ persistent
  38. __ accountable
  39. __ optimistic
  40. __ relatable
  41. __ detectable
  42. __ empowering

 

True/False

  1. TRUE or FALSE. The overarching purpose of applied behavior analysis as field of study is to understand and improve socially important or significant behaviors.
  2. TRUE or FALSE. The philosophical position that the truth or value of a scientific statement is determined by the extent to which it promotes effective action is known as pragmatism.
  3. TRUE or FALSE. The highest level of scientific understanding is prediction or the ability to establish a correlation between events.
  4. TRUE or FALSE. Empiricism is the assumption upon which science is predicted, that the universe is a lawful and orderly place, and events occur as the result of other events.
  5. TRUE or FALSE. Research that bridges basic and applied research and informs both of these domains is known as transitional research.
  6. TRUE or FALSE. Psychology in the early 1900’s was dominated by the study of behavior through measurable and observable means.
  7. TRUE or FALSE. B.F. Skinner is considered the founder of the experimental analysis of behavior.

 

Short Answer/Essay

  1. Describe the level(s) of understanding that science provides and the overarching purpose(s) and goal(s) of science.
  2. Describe what is meant by a functional relation, and provide a concrete example for a human organism.
  3. There have been attempts to explain behavior philosophically other than using Skinner’s radical behaviorism. Briefly define mentalism and methodological behaviorism and contrast them with radical behaviorism.

 

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